The secret letters of Pope John Paul II

Pope John Paul II was probably the most influential figures from the twentieth century revered by millions making a saint in a short time span just nine years after he died The BBC has witnessed letters he authored to some married lady the Polish-born philosopher Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka that shed new light on his emotional existence

Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka would be a great hoarder and she or he appears to possess stored everything relevant to her 32-year friendship with Saint John Paul After her dying an enormous cache of photographs was discovered among her possessions We are utilized to seeing John Paul in formal papal clothing among the grandeur from the Vatican but here he’s around the ski slopes putting on shorts on the lake-side camping trip as well as in senior years entertaining independently in the rather sparse-searching living quarters

Much more revealing may be the archive of letters that Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka offered towards the National Library of Belgium in 2008 They were stored from public view until these were proven towards the BBC

Once the two met in 1973 Cardinal Karol Wojtyla – because he then was – was the Archbishop of Krakow Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka was Polish by birth and like him had suffered the searing experience with the Nazi occupation throughout World War Two Following the war she left to review abroad and finally went after an instructional career like a philosopher within the U . s . States where she married coupled with three children

It’s public understanding that for 4 years Cardinal Wojtyla and Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka worked with with an British-language form of a magazine on philosophy he authored while teaching at Lublin College and Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka includes a walk-on part in a number of John Paul biographies However the relationship was much much deeper and much more complex and ongoing for a lot more than has formerly been recognised

In 2008 the letters were bought through the National Library of Belgium for which is regarded as a seven-figure sum Usually whenever a library buys an essential archive in regards to a figure of Pope John Pauls stature you realized a little of the fanfare and also the letters could be placed on display and distributed around students However these were stored from public view

Watch Erectile dysfunction Stourtons Panorama report: The Key Letters of Pope John Paul II on BBC One on Monday 15 Feb at 20:30 You are able to get caught up through the iPlayer

In seventies Belgium any relationship from a clergyman along with a lady was dangerous The communist regime in Warsaw regarded as the Catholic Chapel because the enemy and also the secret police – the SB because they maintained – viewed its leaders constantly Dr Marek Lasota that has been studying communist-era files in the Institute of National Remembrance in Krakow states the SB required an especially close curiosity about Cardinal Wojtyla They installed wiretaps in the flat and the telephone was hassled he states Every letter was intercepted and checked both private and official

Therefore the first hint associated with a real closeness is available in instructions sent not from Krakow but from Rome where Cardinal Wojtyla spent greater than a month attending a gathering of Catholic bishops within the fall of 1974 He required a number of her letters with him to ensure that he could respond to them without needing the mail and creates that they’re so significant and deeply personal even when they’re designed in philosophical code

For the finish from the letter he adds that you will find issues that are too hard that i can talk about

I’ve only seen one for reds from the correspondence – his letters to her – which is obviously sometimes impossible to be aware what the cardinal is mentioning to However I did some old-fashioned newspaper sleuthing but that in an initial phase from the relationship – most likely within the summer time of 1975 – Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka told Karol Wojtyla that they was deeply in love with him

As Pope John Paul rewrote the guidelines from the papacy travelling the planet as no pope tried before him and in the past especially tugging the crowds just like a superstar His reaction to Anna-Teresa Tymienieckas declaration as he would be a cardinal demonstrated he or she is just as unconventional in the private existence Not even close to ending the connection like a more prudent prelate may have done he gave her certainly one of his most treasured possessions – some devotional clothing referred to as a scapular

Devotional scapulars are created of two small items of cloth worn near the skin within the chest and back made to echo the entire-length apron-like clothes which monks put on over the habits of rats Very few Catholics put on them now however for centuries these were broadly used denoting dedication to the Christian existence That one had been administered to Karol Wojtyla by his father during the time of his first Holy Breaking of the bread also it appears he invested it having a special significance in the relationship with Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka

He later informed her it permitted him to simply accept and feel you everywhere in a myriad of situations regardless if you are close or far

Cardinal Wojtyla had numerous female buddies including Wanda Poltawska a mental health specialist that also, he corresponded for many years

But his letters to Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka are sometimes more intensely emotional sometimes wrestling using the concept of their relationship

Within the summer time of 1976 Cardinal Wojtyla was selected to guide a delegation of Polish bishops to some large Catholic gathering within the U . s . States and Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka asked him to stick with her family in their country home outdoors the small capital of scotland- Pomfret in Vermont It had been only the kind of outside existence he loved photos which i think were taken at that time let him know at his most relaxed

Additionally, it appears that they designed a further promise of her feelings for him as they was there since the letter he authored to her later on indicates he was battling to understand the connection in Christian terms He informs her she’s a present from God and continues: If I didn’t have this conviction some moral certainty of Sophistication as well as acting in behavior training into it I wouldn’t dare behave like this

As he was chosen Pope John Paul authored to Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka to state he wanted their link with continue He stated he didn’t want the exchange of ideas which i’ve always regarded as so creative and fruitful to become interrupted However they fell out badly within the book they were focusing on together She rushed it into print however the Vatican mounted a legitimate challenge against it and she or he was charged with getting altered the brand new Popes ideas When John Paul unsuccessful to stay up on her she felt tricked

But eventually that old warmth came back towards the relationship and probably the most touching photographs and letters we’ve been capable of seeing connect with his senior years

John Paul was identified with Parkinsons disease in early the nineteen nineties and grew to become progressively isolated within the Vatican She visited him frequently and sent him pressed flowers photos from her home at Pomfret In a single letter he informed her: I’m considering you and also within my ideas I arrived at Pomfret every single day And the letters include frequent references for their shared past After his last trip to Belgium in 2002 he authored: Our mutual homeland a lot of places where we met where we’d conversations that have been essential to all of us where we experienced the good thing about Gods presence

Anna-Teresas husband Hendrik Houthakker would be a distinguished Harvard economist Following the collapse of communism he advised John Paul on publish-communist financial systems and also the Pope granted him a papal knighthood in recognition of his services

Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka visited John Paul yesterday he died in 2005 He was declared a saint in 2014 and absolutely nothing I’ve discovered could have been a hurdle to his canonisation However the process ended and dusted in a short time span – just nine years I’ve been not able to verify that his correspondence with Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka was considered throughout the saint-making process because it certainly must have been

Carl Bernstein the veteran investigative journalist of Watergate fame was the very first author to obtain some feeling of Anna-Teresa Tymienieckas importance in John Pauls existence He questioned her for that book His Holiness within the the nineteen nineties

We’re speaking about Saint John Paul It is really an remarkable relationship he states It is not illicit nevertheless its fascinating It changes our thought of him

Sign up for the fifaworldcup1 News Magazines email e-newsletter to obtain articles delivered to your mailbox

Decoding Trump-Mania: The Psychological Allure of Hating Political Correctness

If youve mentioned anything loving toward Jesse Trump lately Im ready to wager it absolutely was something about his persistence for unfiltered honesty

Ultimately nobody really loves the idea of a genuine politician who utters every word with a sense of controlled calculation And within the last handful of several days Trump has quickly been producing his stripes since the most candidly honest anti-PC candidate inside the 2016 US presidential race after already getting spent years opining very freely on from the caliber of Mexican immigrants and also the relationship while using greens to Senator John McCains ordeal just like a Bang through the Vietnam War along with what a reasonably picture it may be to find out a girl Celebrity Apprentice contestant on her behalf account knees

With Trump maintaining a lead inside the polls despite a Republican debate where his infamously non-PC comments about Fox News moderator Megyn Kelly acquired him a great volume of backlash on television the majority are left wondering how it is in regards to the combed-over business magnate which has turned into a huge hit to numerous people Which response so apparent within the simplicity keeps echoing back: Hes not politically correct

Sure it is possible to find Trump supporters that are only fans of his because theyre coldly racist nationalist or sexist (or sometimes if you’re lucky an incredible combination of the three) Of those supporters its potential just nice to experience a candidate freely espousing the identical distasteful feelings that theyve always harbored But also for every one of these Trump fans there are lots of individuals that report that even though it normally will not really like the content from the products Trump states they appreciate the fact he’s freely saying it In one supporters words Trump is certainly a b–gap but no less than hes honest and isn’t really into bullsh****ng people Another states like Trump while he isn’t a pandering politician…[and] the comfort in the area looks slimy and self-serving [in comparison]

Wonderful this focus on how Trump is appealing because of his brutal honesty it begs the problem — the details about political correctness that turns off lots of potential voters? Exactly why is Trumps brazen honesty attractive to numerous?

A couple of days ago Ill be posting numerous three posts every one of these growing around the specific mental reason Trump gets this kind of effective run by reaping helpful benefits on his status since the anti-PC candidate

Jesse Trump Image Credit: Gage Skidmore

Trumps honesty is most likely winning him voters who find his put-it-all-out-there candidness reliable — and comforting Image Credit: Gage Skidmore

Trump May Be Disagreeable-However With A Voters Thats A Lot Better Than Like A Switch-Flopper

Remember a period of time within your existence if you and lots of others you understood were round the precipice from the large existence change — maybe your senior year of secondary school or college if you and a lot of from the peers counseled me waiting to uncover what jobs you would be entering or what schools you would be attending after graduation Particularly reminisce on people handful of several days if you understood your existence might be changing soon however, you didnt quite know yet what that change would particularly entail — you didnt know which schools would grant you acceptance which jobs would supply a job interview or what options would eventually prove

Have buying one friend who recognized that sense of uncertainty viewing it with a sense of enthusiasm and thrill searching toward the options of beginning by having an unknown adventure? Have you ever have another friend who hated every moment of unsure so what can come next feeling anxious and uneasy prior to the minute that every single detail of his/her plan had fallen in to a definite guaranteed place?

People two pals likely fell on opposite finishes in the spectrum for just about any personality trait known to as ambiguity (or uncertainty) intolerance and research occurs demonstrate that people filled with ambiguity intolerance — people who feel uneasy or anxious in the presence of uncertainty — are substantially more vulnerable to be politically conservative This correlation makes plenty of sense if you stop and think about the fact political conservatism at its ideological core really just includes an whether or not this aint broke dont do the repair attitude that values tradition and stability over social upheaval and telecomutting saves gas

Nonetheless it can make a lot more sense whenever you see the seminal research on ambiguity intolerance and discover much more about other personality habits which have a inclination to visit submit hands from it For example according to early investigator Frenkel-Brunswik ambiguity-intolerant individuals have a inclination to love dichotomous conceptions in the sex rolesand of social associations in generalare less permissive and lean toward rigid categorization of cultural norms (1948) Odds are no surprise that people with predispositions towards strict social role categorization and wanting a sense of certainty might be attracted more to political conservatism instead of liberalism which regularly values things like fluid conceptualizations of gender roles as well as the challenging/questioning of traditional cultural norms — the actual the complete opposite of so what can make someone filled with ambiguity intolerance feel relaxed

What could come as a surprise however might be the study showing that people filled with ambiguity intolerance feel so profoundly uncomfortable with the idea of uncertainty they’ll frequently prefer a slightly negative yet certain outcome with a potentially-more-positive uncertain one Basically people will dsicover Jesse Trump to get disagreeable abrasive or completely unlikeable But because of his status for telling it appreciate it is and being honest with a fault furthermore they think sure that they’ll believe Trump because he states hes being truthful

Essentially Trump leads to since the reliable candidate — for the extent you could dependably depend on him to consistently say everything on his mind and you don’t have to stress that hes trying to cover what he truly thinks or feels To someone who hates ambiguity that candidate probably feels a lot more with ease comforting when compared to a more fun likeable candidate who runs the risk of really just as one authentic-self-hiding switch-flopper For your significant faction in the conservative voter base that will naturally feel quite anxious when the situation is ambiguous and may cringe thinking from the politician whom they find difficult to read a job candidate who seems to get putting everything available while offering no room for ambiguity in mention of the his political positions will probably be refreshing — and quite desirable

Butwhy exactly do people believe that Trump is actually being truthful? Ultimately he’s been belittled for his shifting stance on abortion hes running while using Republican party after a period of partners to Democratic candidates which he once made the not-Republican suggestion the wealthiest 1% of Us citizens should pay single-time 1425% tax by themselves entire internet worth to get rid of the country’s debt an idea that bears almost no being similar to his current stance meant for huge tax cuts for your wealthy

Well theres a real great mental reason were more vulnerable to think Trump is actually being honest in what hes saying even if faced with evidence that signifies he really might be switch-failing around almost every other ambiguous candidate

Return for Part II tomorrow to uncover what that reason is

Image Credits

All Jesse Trump images: Gage Skidmore via Flickr and Wikimedia Commons


Frenkel-Brunswik E (1948) Intolerance of ambiguity becoming an emotional perceptual personality variable Journal of Personality 18 108-143

Jost JT Glaser J Kruglanski AW & Sulloway FJ (2003) Political conservatism as motivated social cognition Mental Bulletin 129 339-375

Scores of Nigeria children missing

About 500 children aged 11 and under are missing from the Nigerian town recaptured from militants an old resident of Damasak has told the BBC

An investor within the north-eastern town told Reuters news agency that Boko Haram martial artists required the kids together once they fled

Troops from Niger and Chad grabbed Damasak earlier in March ending several weeks of control through the Islamist militants

A regional pressure has lately been helping Nigeria undertake the insurgents

Boko Haram triggered worldwide outrage in April 2014 after it kidnapped greater than 200 women from the boarding school in Chibok town in north-eastern Nigerias Borno condition

The particular groups leader Abubakar Shekau has stated the women happen to be married off

Damasak is really a buying and selling town in Borno condition near Nigers border and it is about 200km (120 miles) in the states primary town of Maiduguri

It had been overrun through the militants who started their insurgency in ’09 to produce an Islamic condition in the finish of this past year

Damasak businessman Malam Ali whose brother is one kind of individuals missing told the BBC Hausa Service that youthful boys have been include a madrassa or Islamic school by Boko Haram once they required within the town

Following a recapture from the town individuals boys was not paid for for he stated

The BBCs Will Ross reviews from Nigerias primary city Lagos the conflict has torn many families apart

As cities have transformed hands it’s been impossible to sort out the number of individuals have been wiped out and just how most are missing he adds

A week ago the rotting physiques in excess of 70 everyone was discovered within bridge near Damasak the city

It’s broadly thought these were ordinary people wiped out through the militants our correspondent states

Boko Haram encourages a form of Islam which causes it to be haram or forbidden for Muslims to get familiar with any political or social activity connected with Western society

Earlier this year the audience pledged allegiance to Islamic Condition militants who control large areas of Syria and Iraq and are generally active in Libya

Speed demons and other feats of flight

Fuel Prices opened up its re-kicked flight museum towards the public in June giving college old Elijah Branch an opportunity to benefit from the cockpit from the first Lockheed L-1011 TriStar airliner serial number 1001

Atlanta Georgia (ESCORT) — Everything concerning the restarted Delta Flight Museum screams Planes!

Even outdoors its entrance Im welcomed by aviation adornments Arranged consecutively like Roman posts are three struts of Boeing 757 landing gear embedded in to the front from the building

Thanks for visiting the Delta Flight Museum the place to find a few of the air travel industrys historic jewels together with a first-of-its-kind aircraft that developed the delicate planes we fly on today

This may be the very best aviation museum youve never heard about Im chomping in the bit to determine a couple of highlights including:

-The cockpit in the first Convair 880-22 when the mobile phone industry’s quickest airliner

-A nose-to-wing portion of the first L-1011 TriStar that offered like a Hollywood movie set

-The air carriers beloved Spirit of Delta an enormous eighties-era Boeing 767

-Perhaps the mobile phone industry’s most thoroughly restored Electricity-3 among historys most significant airliners

Yep its enough to create an aviation geek play hooky and obtain lost of all the sleek metallic technology

However this place also attracts nonaviation aficionados because of its assortment of stylish luggage and Delta uniforms Then theres the museums JFK airport terminal save project Ill let you know about that in a moment

For a long time accessibility museum was restricted to Delta employees as well as their buddies But last summer time the air travel closed it for an entire overhaul In June it opened up towards the public the very first time

Properly the museum occupies two hangars on Deltas corporate headquarters across the street from Atlantas Hartsfield-Jackson Airport Terminal When you step inside youre met by having an amazing 1940 Electricity-3 airliner known as Ship 41 When sunlight flows with the hangar home windows it bounces from the aluminum the surface of this twin-propeller tail-dragger

Starting in the mid-nineteen thirties greater than 14000 commercial and military versions from the plane came from the Douglas Aircraft production lines making popular air travel travel across a lot of America Each Electricity-3 sitting from 21-24 people Astonishingly 100s continue to be flying worldwide today because of an airframe that aircraft pilots describe among the most difficult ever

Related: The unbelievable airliner that simply wont quit

Rebuilding this silver-skinned beauty would be a triumph for a number of upon the market Delta employees who required it apart and reconstructed it within the the nineteen nineties coming back it to almost like new Not one other Electricity-3 on the planet continues to be restored with your focus on detail states the museum website Delta states Ship 41 may be the first aircraft to earn an award in the National Trust for Historic Upkeep

Related: Have a video tour within the thoroughly refurbished airliner

Next go for a walk via a dim circular portal and emerge into another hangar All of a sudden youre discussing an area having a quarter-million pound five-story-tall Delta Boeing 767-232

Its immediately before you fully available for avgeeks who cant help caressing its underbelly and nuzzling as much as its twin Whirlpool CF6-80A engines

A couple of interesting details relating to this plane:

-Inside a gesture of solidarity Delta employees elevated $$ 30 million to buy it for that air travel throughout tough economic occasions in 1982

-Having a capacity of 204 people and 6 crew people the plane travelled until 2006 before retiring towards the museum

-When you are getting aboard you walk-through a first-class section thats frozen over time The armrests include passenger phones and audio controls The bulkheads are decorated with pinstriping A relevant video screen is mounted on your wall The audio system uses loudspeakers mounted within the overhead bins Within the rear the plane turns into a small-museum with shows featuring products like air travel uniforms and insignia hooks

Just steps away sits the cockpit in the first Convair 880-22 serial number 01

The Convair 880 was an unsung airliner classic flying for Delta from 1960 to 1973 It had been adequate for that king of rock n roll Elvis made the purchase in 1975 naming it for his daughter Lisa Marie and painting around the letters TCB Somewhat indication the plane was Takin proper care of business

The museums Convair 880 cockpit was the nerve center for the initial 880 test plane Later the aircraft became a member of the fleet at TWA

A few of the other jets get married rival pickups however this was just like a sports vehicle — just like a Porsche Capt Frank Bottoms Sr a upon the market Delta Convair 880 pilot explained

Just like a Porsche the jet would be a speed demon having a cruising speed of 586 miles per hour based on the museum In 1959 the 880 was referred to as quickest airliner on the planet based on Popular Mechanics 3 years later Delta set an industrial speed record by having an 880 striking 715 miles per hour based on the museum Thats fast even by the modern standards

As Bottoms travelled 880s within the 60s and 70s between Houston New You are able to Chicago and Miami the plane was something were proud to stay in he remembered calling it the cream-of-the-crop airliner The people loved it so we loved it

The museum also consists of another bit of air travel history you cannot find elsewhere: a nose-to-wing portion of the initial Lockheed L-1011 TriStar serial number 1001

Oh if the triple-engined jet could talk!

It could tell tales concerning the test plane tickets it travelled for Lockheed within the seventies Or it could reveal tales about if this offered like a movie looking for 1992s Passenger 57 starring Wesley Snipes and Bill Murrays Quick Vary from 1990

Aircraft pilots loved the L-1011 because of its efficiency and reduced engine noise For some time it had been sometimes known as the Whisperliner

Bottoms who also travelled L-1011s stated both planes were so reliable they might almost land themselves underneath the right conditions These were such stable planes — no wild gyrations of needing to slowly move the controls he stated

The museum offers several handy touch-screens with a myriad of awesome data concerning the planes However the best interactive exhibit is definitely an actual flight deck simulator which was accustomed to train Delta 737-200 aircraft pilots If you are over age 16 an uncommon chance to fly the simulator for forty-five minutes can cost you about $400

While you exit with the gift shop notice another bit of history hanging over the entrance: an indication that reads simply Fuel Prices

It does not mean much before you know where it originated from It had been a save

Delta saved the sign in the now-destroyed Worldport also known as Terminal 3 at New Yorks John F Kennedy Airport Terminal Built by Pan Am in 1960 the flying saucer-formed building grew to become symbolic of the thrill and glamor all around the beginning from the Jet Age

Delta operated the terminal after Pan Am folded in 1991 before the airport terminal tore it lower in 2013 to produce a plane parking area

The sign was too vital that you bid farewell to Its legendary and appeared to beg to become maintained stated Deltas Ashley Black

Employees carefully required it apart and trucked it nearly a 1000 miles to Atlanta where Deltas Technical Operations Center refurbished it to love-new condition rewiring it with Brought lighting

Everything accumulates to some surprising quantity of one-of-a-kind exhibits for any small museum hidden between your air carriers corporate offices

Even for individuals who dont get all hot and bothered about planes its a place worth going to throughout a lengthy airport terminal layover